PEA Paragraphs Tutorial

PEAPoint, Evidence, Analysis


First, find the answer to the question or prompt. 
Then, identify THREE pieces of evidence that back up your answer. 


Second, organize your PEA Paragraph
  • 1st sentence - "P" - Point/Claim
    This is your POINT/CLAIM, the answer to the question. List the three pieces of evidence in this sentence. 

  • 2nd sentence - "E" - Evidence 1
    This is your first piece of EVIDENCE. It should be a factual statement, simple and to the point.

  • 3rd sentence - "A" - Analysis 1
    This is your first ANALYSIS. Explain in detail how the piece of evidence answers the question. 

  • 4th sentence - "E" - Evidence 2
    This is your second piece of EVIDENCE. It should be a factual statement, simple and to the point.

  • 5th sentence - "A" - Analysis 2
    This is your second ANALYSIS. Explain in detail how the piece of evidence answers the question.

  • 6th sentence - "E" - Evidence 3
    This is your third piece of EVIDENCE. It should be a factual statement, simple and to the point.

  • 7th sentence - "A" - Analysis 3
    This is your third ANALYSIS. Explain in detail how the piece of evidence answers the question.

  • 8th sentence - "C"
    This is your CONCLUSION. Restate your claim and the three pieces of evidence in this sentence. 


Third, insert your information into each section.

EXAMPLE:

  • Prompt/Question:  Can the exact ages of fossils be accurately determined?
  • Point/Claim: We know the exact ages of fossils buried in rocks through tree rings, varves and radiometric dating.
  • E1: Tree rings can be used to find the absolute dates of rocks since the rings of a tree develop for each wet and dry season so every two rings equal a year.
  • A1: Wood can be “fossilized” to become petrified wood and this is often buried in rocks along with fossils, this confirms the dates of fossils that are up to 4000 years old.
  • E2: Varves are layers of sediment that form rocks, this can date objects as old as 15,000 years.
  • A2: If we know the age of the rock that a fossil is in, we know the age of the fossil.
  • E3: Radiometric dating is calculating the decay of isotopes that are inside rocks.
  • A3: Knowing the half life of these isotopes tells us when a rock was formed.
  • Conclusion: In conclusion, tree rings, varves and radiometric dating are tools used to know the absolute age of fossils buried within rocks.

 

Fourth, put all sentences together to form a paragraph.

EXAMPLE:

Prompt/Question: Can the exact ages of fossils be accurately determined?

We know the exact ages of fossils buried in rocks through tree rings, varves and radiometric dating. Tree rings can be used to find the absolute dates of rocks since the rings of a tree develop for each wet and dry season so every two rings equal a year. Varves are layers of sediment that form rocks, this can date objects as old as 15,000 years. If we know the age of the rock that a fossil is in, we know the age of the fossil. Radiometric dating is calculating the decay of isotopes that are inside rocks. Knowing the half life of these isotopes tells us when a rock was formed. In conclusion, tree rings, varves and radiometric dating are tools used to know the absolute age of fossils buried within rocks.


View the video for a closer look at creating PEA paragraphs.

Rubric

Component

Performance Indicators

Self Grade

 

Peer Grade

Sentence 1: P: Point/Claim

Claim statement is present and answers the question. Is in CSIQ. Contains a brief list of the 3 pieces of evidence.


Excellent


Satisfactory


Could be improved


Not present or out of order


 

 

Sentence 2: E1 : Evidence

1st evidence statement is present and gives a piece of evidence that correctly answers the question.


Excellent


Satisfactory


Could be improved


Not present or out of order

 

 

 

Sentence 3: A1: Analysis

1st interpretation statement is present and gives correctly explains the 1st evidence statement.


Excellent


Satisfactory


Could be improved


Not present or out of order

 

 

 

Sentence 4: E2: Evidence

2nd evidence statement is present and gives a piece of evidence that correctly answers the question.


Excellent


Satisfactory


Could be improved


Not present or out of order

 

 

 

Sentence 5: A2: Analysis

2nd interpretation statement is present and gives correctly explains the 2nd evidence statement.


Excellent


Satisfactory


Could be improved


Not present or out of order

 

 

 

Sentence 6: E3: Evidence

3rd evidence statement is present and gives a piece of evidence that correctly answers the question.


Excellent


Satisfactory


Could be improved


Not present or out of order

 

 

 

Sentence 7: A3: Analysis

3rd interpretation statement is present and gives correctly explains the 3rd evidence statement.


Excellent


Satisfactory


Could be improved


Not present or out of order

 

 

 

Sentence 8: Conclusion: restatement of point/claim

Conclusion statement is present and summarizes the answer with a brief list of the 3 pieces of evidence.


Excellent


Satisfactory


Could be improved


Not present or out of order

 

 

 

Total pts: ____

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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